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Ohio’s Drug Schedule ORC § 3719.41

Ohio’s drug schedule categorizes drugs involved in drug offenses for the purpose of criminal sentencing. These schedules are based on abuse potential, which takes into account how addictive the drugs are. Schedule I drugs have the highest abuse potential and schedule V have the lowest. Hence, schedule I drug offenses are generally treated as more serious.


Schedule I drugs have a high potential for abuse and the potential to create severe psychological and/or physical dependence. Schedule I drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Some examples of Schedule I drugs are:

  1. heroin,
  2. lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD),
  3. marijuana (cannabis),
  4. 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy)(MDMA),
  5. methaqualone,
  6. and peyote (Lophophora williamsii Lemaire)

Schedule II drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with a high potential for abuse, with use potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependence. These drugs are also considered dangerous. Some examples of Schedule II drugs are:

  1. Combination products with less than 15 milligrams of hydrocodone per dosage unit (Vicodin),
  2. cocaine,
  3. methamphetamine,
  4. methadone,
  5. hydromorphone (Dilaudid),
  6. meperidine (Demerol),
  7. oxycodone (OxyContin),
  8. fentanyl,
  9. Dexedrine,
  10. Adderall, and Ritalin

Schedule III drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with a moderate to low potential for physical and psychological dependence. Schedule III drugs abuse potential is less than Schedule I and Schedule II drugs but more than Schedule IV. Some examples of Schedule III drugs are:

  1. Products containing less than 90 milligrams of codeine per dosage unit (Tylenol with codeine),
  2. ketamine,
  3. anabolic steroids,
  4. testosterone

Schedule IV drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with a low potential for abuse and low risk of dependence. Some examples of Schedule IV drugs are:

  1. Xanax,
  2. Soma,
  3. Darvon,
  4. Darvocet,
  5. Valium,
  6. Ativan,
  7. Talwin,
  8. Ambien,
  9. Tramadol

Schedule V substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with lower potential for abuse than Schedule IV and consist of preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotics. Schedule V drugs are generally used for antidiarrheal, antitussive, and analgesic purposes. Some examples of Schedule V drugs are:

  1. cough preparations with less than 200 milligrams of codeine or per 100 milliliters (Robitussin AC),
  2. Lomotil,
  3. Motofen,
  4. Lyrica,
  5. Parepectolin
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